The Queen celebrates her birthday twice a year because of the ‘weather’

The Queen celebrated her 95th birthday on April 21 – and the first without her beloved husband Prince Philip in seven decades.

The Duke of Edinburgh passed away “peacefully” on April 9 aged 99, and his funeral took place on Saturday, April 17.

But this was not the only celebration of Her Majesty's birthday that will take place this year.

Every year the Queen has the chance to celebrate her birthday twice – once in April and again in June.

Normally, April 21, which is her real birthday, is marked by gun salutes in both Hyde Park and the Tower of London – but this was cancelled as the Queen continued to mourn her husband.

Her official birthday in June is marked by the annual Trooping the Colour parade – which will take place in 2021 but will be scaled back due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Why does the Queen have two birthdays?

The reason the Queen has two birthdays is quite simple and very British – it’s to do with the weather.

Queen Elizabeth II was born on April 21, 1926.

But as well as celebrating her real birthday, the Queen has a public celebration on the second Saturday of June every year.

The tradition of having double birthday celebrations for the Monarch was started by King George II in 1748.

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The then-Monarch was born in November, which is not a good time for weather in the UK.

But the King still wanted to have a big celebration where the public could come outside and enjoy the day.

So he decided to combine it with an annual military parade that took place in the summer – known as the Trooping of the Colour.

This always took place in June, which is less risky in terms of weather.

The military parade was originally meant to help soldiers familiarise themselves with the colours of the regiment flags.

Edward VII, who also had a November birthday, became the first Monarch to standardise Trooping the Colour as the official birthday celebration.

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Queen Elizabeth II initially held the celebration on the second Thursday of June, the same as her father, King George VI.

However, in 1959, seven years into her reign, she changed the Queen’s Birthday Parade to a Saturday.

This year the Trooping of the Colour parade is due to take place on Saturday, June 12.

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Buckingham Palace confirmed in a statement: "The Queen will view a military parade in the Quadrangle of Windsor Castle to mark Her Majesty's Official Birthday, on Saturday 12 June.

"The parade will be held by the Household Division, and The Queen's Colour of F Company Scots Guards will be trooped.

"His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent, Colonel, Scots Guards, will accompany The Queen."

The statement also confirmed the details of the event, which is usually attended by many members of the public.

It said: "The parade will be led by the Foot Guards, who will be joined in the Quadrangle by The King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery and the Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment.

"Music will be played by a Massed Band of the Household Division, which will include the 1st Battalion Scots Guards Pipes and Drums.

"Upon The Queen and The Duke of Kent's arrival in the Quadrangle, Her Majesty and His Royal Highness will be greeted by a Royal Salute, and the National Anthem.

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